Burns caused by electricity is not only common in children, but also adults. In adults, electrical burns does not only happen to electricians, since there are a lot of things in our houses have the potential of causing electrical burns. Different from burns caused by something wet or dry, electrical burns are caused by an electric current entering the body. This can affect you skin, tissues, or even organs. A strong electric current entering the body may cause severe electrical burns which may lead to death.
Causes and symptoms of electrical burns
Among all kinds of burns, electrical burn might be quite different. The effect of this burn can be direct or indirect. It is called direct when the symptoms of burns occur right away after being electrocuted. Conversely, electrical burn is indirect when these symptoms occur after certain period of time. Anything with potential electric current has the ability of causing electrical burns. At home, electrical circuits are the most common thing causing electrical burns to children. Household appliances with broken electrical sockets are also potential in causing this issue. Lightning is also one of the most common electrical burn causes. It is very possible to be stroke by a lighting directly, although lighting can also interact with plumbing system, ground, and wires to transfer electricity, which may lead to one gets electrocuted.
To ensure that someone is suffering from electrical burn, some symptoms can be identified. These symptoms may occur rightafter injuries or a while after the accident. The most common symptoms of electrical burns are:
1. Burns, patches, or wound on the skin.
2. Muscles or joints stiffness or pains.
4. Abnormal urine.
5. Abnormal heartbeats.
6. Increasing hand palm sweat.
7. Headache or dizziness.
As seen, the symptoms can be mistaken, especially those which occur a while after accidents may be mistaken for other causes. Hence, it is important to have your body checked should you experience unpleasant contact with power sources, to make sure the right treatment if you do experience electrical burns. The severity of the symptoms can also be determined by the level of electrical voltage. Low-voltage burns might only result in superficial shock, without damaging any tissues. High-voltage burns, conversely, might cause damages underneath skin surface, causing tissues damage. Oral-burns, in addition, which is commonly happen to children is one of the most dangerous, as it may cause deformity. Whichever bun one might experience, a right treatment will be needed for faster healing and death prevention.
Treatment for electrical burn wound
The first thing to treat someone with an electrical burns is separating him from the power circuit or source. Be extra careful when doing this, as an electrical current can be passed between persons. Use things with isolator function, such as thick rubber gloves. When the victim is safe, start to observe the severity of the injuries. As an electrical burn usually does not only cause external burns, you need to check and evaluate his heart rates and other organs functions. As a lot of electrical burns are not easy to spot, a hospital observation is required. Burn treatment may involve excision of dead tissues, repair of damaged organ, debris removal, or skin grafting. If the patient experience tissues damage, severe damage might lead to amputation. As electrical wound might also cause nerve damage, a rehabilitation might be needed. A patient might need to re-learn about moving certain joints and muscles to get proper movements. Certain affected organs, such as cracked or dislocated bones are also need to be rehabilitated to regain its proper conditions.