Most types of bee usually does not sting, unless they feel that they are threaten such as being step on or their hives is being disturbed. However, when they sting, it will inject its stinger that contains venom to the tissue under your skin. Venom is basically some sort of toxic that has nine distinctive ingredients that needs to work together to eventually can cause an allergic reaction to someone who was stung.
Based on the severity level, the reaction of a bee sting can be classified into 3 classifications. Mild reaction is the one that includes swelling and itch on the skin setting where the bee sting. Moderate reaction is when there is a minor allergic reaction such as extreme redness as well as swelling site that is getting worse even two or three days after the stinging took place. Severe reaction will include causing anaphylaxix to the person who is stung that can further cause difficulty in breathing as well as loosing conscience. On this article, we will discuss further about these reactions, can a bee sting cause fever and how do we extend a first aid to the reactions.
As stated above that mild allergic reaction is usually not more than a swelling and itching on the skin site where the bee sting. The pain might also become slightly worse that include instant, sharp burning pain on the sting site, a red bump on the sting area and also a small white dot right in the spot where the bee sting. In mild reaction all of these pains will usually go away within couple of hours.
Mild reaction that a bee sting causes mostly will not include fever. However, depending on your situation, if infection occurs, fever might also occur. Bear in mind if you do not have any allergic reaction to a bee sting, then this is not your body’s reaction to the bee sting, fever is your body reaction toward the infection from the germ and bad bacteria that lives around the sting setting and being in contact with punctured skin.
The first aid for a mild bee sting reaction will include removing the stinger from your skin, washing the area clean to avoid any further infection as well as applying cold compress that can help reducing the pain and the swelling skin.
Moderate reaction after a bee sting can cause a slightly worse effect than the mild reaction. However, if you were stung by a bee before and you were experiencing a moderate reaction, it does not mean that you will always the same reaction if you are stung again in the future.
Moderate reaction can develop an extreme redness on the skin setting where the bee sting and also swelling skin that gets bigger on the next two days after the bee sting. The pain that you might be feeling will be slightly the same with if you are having a mild reaction only the period will be a bit longer. At this stage, fever might not arise if it is not because your bee sting wound is infected as explained above.
To cure a moderate bee sting reaction, you can also practice the steps mentioned on the mild reaction treatments, such as removing the stinger, cleansing your skin area where the bee sting and also applying cold compress to reduce swelling and pain. In addition to these steps, taking an antihistamine that contains diphenhydramine or Bendaryl is good to reduce the itching and swelling if it gets worse days after you were stung. Applying calamine lotion also a good help for the itch as menthol content will help soothing your bee sting reaction.
If you have experienced a severe reaction towards bee sting, you must have been very aware of how dangerous this situation is. Unlike the mild and moderate bee sting reaction that can be treated mostly with home remedies or minor doctor treatment, severe reaction to bee sting can be life-threatening.
The symptoms include skin reactions that become pale, hives, itching and flushed. Nausea and vomiting might also be seen as symptoms of a severe reaction to a bee sting. The worse is swollen throat and tongue that can cause patients having difficulty on breathing that can further cause dizziness and fainting as well as weak rapid pulse and eventually loss of consciousness.
A small percentage of patient with severe reaction to bee sting will have fever in between, however, most of them will not experience fever unless again, their skin area where the bee sting was infected.
If someone has had a severe reaction toward bee sting, the patient is recommended to wear a bracelet that mention so as well as the type of medication that they usually take. This will fasten the first aid treatment that can be given by people around them in case the reaction is happening swiftly. If you are still able to make contact with your emergency medical person, please do so as for severe reaction the treatment has to be done by the paramedic including giving epinephrine, oxygen, IV antihistamine and cortisones, as well as a beta agonist.
MULTIPLE BEE STING
If your job requires you to work outdoor especially in a workplace where there are beehives in the surrounding area, you are most likely to get a multiple sting by the bees. Bees usually does not go in group unless in the area near the hives and they are not aggressive insect that stings you for no reason. However, some bees like Africanized honeybees, they do swarm and sting in groups. This type of bee sting is the one that can cause fever.
If you are stung more than a dozen times, the venom can make you feel pretty sick. The symptom includes nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, vertigo, fainting, and fever. Considering the symptoms are pretty serious and can be dangerous especially for kids and adult with heart and breathing problem, multiple bee stings can be treated as serious as the moderate to severe bee sting reaction.
It is always save to go to the doctor and seek for further help if your bee sting reaction is more than just swelling skin and burning and itching sensation.